Astronauts of Kazakhstan

 
Information guide “Astronauts of Kazakhstan” is published to promote space activities of Kazakhstan.
This guide includes basic biographical information, as well as complete information on spaceflights and preparation of flights of Toktar Aubakirov, Talgat Musabayev and Aydin Aimbetov.
The guide is intended for professionals, students, schoolchildren and wide audience interested in the history of space program of Kazakhstan
 

 

© Нұрғалиева С.Қ., Қанғожин І.Б., дайынд., 2017

ISBN 978-601-302-634-3

© «Фолиант» баспасы, 2017

 

SPACE PIONEERS OF KAZAKHSTAN

On April 12, 1961 the first human on Earth travelled to space – Soviet pilot Yuri Gagarin. Fearless and victorious conquest of the universe began from the Kazakh land. Yuri Gagarin became the №1 astronaut of the world and the Baikonur spaceport – home of astronautics.
 
In just fifty-five years, about five hundred and fifty people from all over the Earth have been in outer space.
 
There are three representatives of Kazakhstan among them: astronauts, national heroes of their country – Toktar Aubakirov, Talgat Musabayev and Aydin Aimbetov.
 
Each of them had their own way to space. A milestone event has divided their lives into “before” and “after” the space flight. But most important, the things that unite these special people and all astronauts is a great sense of patriotism and love to the Earth planet – a common homeland of all people; a sense of gratitude to Baikonur – a quay of the universe, hospitable Kazakh land on which they have become astronauts.
 
There is another unifier in space destinies of all three Kazakh astronauts. This man can rightfully be called a pioneer of Kazakhstan’s space. A man who not only supported Aubakirov, Musabayev and Aimbetov in their space activities, but also paved the way to space for his country. This is the first President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.
 
It was him who has raised the issue with USSR leadership regarding the space flight of the representative of Kazakh nationality. And the lucky man was the first Kazakh astronaut, the Hero of Soviet Union, honored test pilot of the USSR – Toktar Aubakirov. The flight took place in October 1991.
 
With the support of Nursultan Nazarbayev the first astronaut of independent Kazakhstan – Talgat Musabayev flew to space three times. Before his first flight in July 1994, Presidents of Kazakhstan and Russia jointly determined the status of Musabayev as a “citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan, military man of the Russian Federation”. On the background of former Soviet republic’s sovereignties, it was a question of principle.
 
Hereafter, the aspiration and professionalism allowed Musabayev make two more space flights as a commander of international space crews. Total duration of his space missions in 1994, 1998 and 2001 amounted to almost a calendar year.
 
In September 2015 the third Kazakh astronaut Aydin Aimbetov flew into space. And this decision to continue the space program of Kazakhstan, despite economic crisis, was made by the Head of State Nursultan Nazarbayev.
 
In accordance with the Law “On State Awards of the Republic of Kazakhstan”, the title “Space Pilot of Kazakhstan” is assigned to citizens who successfully implemented space flight program, exemplary carried out their scientific, technical, research and practical tasks.
 
On January 12, 1995, Kazakh astronauts Toktar Aubakirov and Talgat Musabayev were granted with the titles “Space Pilot of Kazakhstan” and the highest state award – Golden Star “National Hero of the Republic of Kazakhstan” (star numbers 4 and 5 were assigned to them).
 
On October 14, 2015 Aydin Aimbetov was given the title “Space Pilot of the Republic of Kazakhstan” and was awarded with the Golden Star “National Hero of the Republic of Kazakhstan” number 34.
 

TOKTAR AUBAKIROV

National Hero of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Astronaut of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Hero of the Soviet Union
Honored Test Pilot of the USSR
Astronaut of the USSR
 
Serial number:
The 72nd and last Soviet astronaut (classification “Cosmonauts of USSR and Russian Federation”)*
The 256th astronaut of the world Status: the first Kazakh astronaut
Number of flights: 1
Space flight experience: 7 days 22 hours 12 minutes 40 seconds
Date and place of birth:
July 27, 1946 in the collective farm named after 1st of May in Karkarala district, Karaganda region of Kazakh SSR.
 
Nationality: Kazakh
 
Education:
In 1969 graduated from the Armavir Higher Military Aviation School with the qualification “military pilot-engineer”.
In May 1976 graduated from the School of test pilots of the Ministry of Aviation Industry with the qualification “3rd grade test pilot”.
In 1979 graduated from the evening department of Zhukovskiy branch of the Order of Lenin Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI) named after S. Ordzhonikidze, specialty “aerohydrodynamics engineer”.
 
Work and professional activities:
1962 – 1965 turner in casting and mechanical plant in Temirtau. From 1969 to 1975 served in the USSR Armed Forces as a pilot, air flight commander of the aviation unit, deputy commander of air squadron – squadron navigator.
In January 1975 was discharged from the USSR Armed Forces in reserve in connection with the entrance to the School of test pilots of the USSR Ministry of Aviation Industry.
In 1976 – 1991 worked as a test pilot in Mikoyan Experimental Design Bureau (EDB). During his work he has mastered more than 50 types of aircraft. In 1988, for the first time in the USSR, on a MIG-31 fighter aircraft flew to the North Pole with two refueling in the air. On November 1, 1989 the second in the USSR (40 minutes after Victor Pugachev on the Su-27K) performed landing on the MiG-29K on the “Tbilisi” aircraft carrier. On the same day, 30 minutes after landing, the first in the Soviet Union carried out a take-off from the springboard of an aircraft carrier.
 
Service in the astronaut corps: Was not enrolled in any astronaut corps.
 
Space Training:
On January 21, 1991 by the decision of State Interdepartmental Board (SIDB) was selected for spaceflight training on the program of the Kazakh SSR.
The total period of training for the flight was 5 months.
From May 20 to July 10, 1991 Toktar Aubakirov was trained for the flight on Kazakh program of the visiting expedition as the cosmonaut-researcher of the main crew, together with Valery Korzun and Alexander Alexandrov; flight was scheduled for November 1991.
On July 10, 1991 due to a shortage of launch vehicles and spacecrafts, as well as in order to save the budget, it was decided to include Kazakh astronaut to the Soviet-Austrian crew as another astronaut-researcher instead of a flight engineer.
From July 17 to September 13, 1991 – preparation for the flight on Kazakh program and the program “Austromir-91” as the first astronaut-researcher in the main crew, along with Alexander Volkov and Franz Viehböck (Austria).
September 13, 1991 after the completion of the preparation for the flight and general space preparation by the decision of the Interdepartmental Qualification Commission, Aubakirov was given qualification “test cosmonaut”.
 
Space flight:
Toktar Aubakirov performed a space flight as a cosmonaut-researcher of visiting expedition to the orbital complex “Mir” from 2 to 10 October 1991. He launched on the spaceship “Soyuz TM-13”, along with Alexander Volkov and Franz Viehböck (Austria). At the station
 
“Mir” he worked with Anatoly Artsebarsky and Sergei Krikalev. On orbit, he conducted experiments on the first Kazakh space program “Gharysh-Kazakhstan”, the implementation of which was carried out until the completion of the Mir orbital station. As Aubakirov was not prepared as a flight engineer, Soviet space industry management decided to keep the flight engineer of the previous expedition “Soyuz TM-12” Sergei Krikalev in orbit for another six months (in connection with these circumstances, flight of Krikalev lasted almost a year instead of six months and was notable for the fact that he was launched from the Soviet Union, and came back in Russian Federation – the Soviet Union ceased to exist during the flight). Toktar Aubakirov landed on a spaceship “Soyuz TM-12” with Anatoly Artsebarsky and Franz Viehböck (Austria).
 
 
Franz Viehböck Alexandr Volkov Toktar Aubakirov
Research cosmonaut Commander Research cosmonaut
 
Mission duration was 7 days 22 hours 12 minutes 40 seconds. 
Callsign: “Donbas-2” (start) / “Ozone-2” (landing).
 
Further activity:
Since February, 1992 – first Deputy Chairman of the State Committee of Defense.
Since April, 1993 – Director General of the National Aerospace Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Since May, 1994 – Deputy of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan
May 1996 – 2000 – Assistant to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
April 2000 – 2001 – Deputy of Security Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
From 2004 to 2007 – Deputy of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
From 2009 – 2012 – Deputy Chairman of the United Social Democratic Party (USDP) “Azat”.
Since May 2012 – Advisor to the President of JSC “NC ”Kazakhstan Temir Zholy”.
 
Honorary Titles:
Hero of Soviet Union (31.10.1988)
Honored Test Pilot of the USSR (11.06.1990) Astronaut of the USSR (1991)
Astronaut of Kazakhstan (1995)
National Hero of Kazakhstan “Halyk Kaharmany” (1995)
Honorary Professor of the Engineering Academy of the Republic of Kazakhstan (1997)
Honorary Professor of Civil Aviation Academy (CAA), Almaty (2006) Honorary citizen of Almaty, Shymkent, Karaganda Region and some other cities of Kazakhstan.
 
Scientific activity:
Doctor of Technical Sciences in the field of aeronautical engineering, professor.
 
Military rank:
Engineer-Lieutenant (1969)
Senior Lieutenant (1971)
Captain (1973) from January 1975 – in reserve
Major (26.05.1980) – in reserve
Lieutenant Colonel (20.05.1990) – in reserve
Colonel (October 1991) – in reserve
Major General of Aviation (1992)
 
Political activity:
Since February 1993 was the Deputy of the 12th convocation of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In May 1994 was elected as a Deputy to the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan of the 13th convocation.
In September 2004 was elected as a Deputy of the 3rd convocation of Mazhilis (Lower Chamber of Parliament) of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
On October 24, 2009 joined the ranks of the party USDP “Azat” during the unification congress.
In 2012 leaved the ranks of the USDP “Azat”.
 
Awards:
Order “Badge of Honor” (23.07.1981)
Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin (31.10.1988)
Order of the October Revolution (1991) Honorary Diploma of the Kazakh SSR (1991)
Order “Golden Cross” of the Republic of Austria (1992)
Golden Star “Halyk Kaharmany” (National Hero of Kazakhstan) (1995) Order “Otan” (1995)
Medal “For Merit in Space Exploration” (Russia, 2011)
 
Sports achievements:
Honored Master of Sports of Kazakhstan, has the 1st rank in volleyball.
 
Family:
Father – Aubakirov Ongarbay, (1896-1947), blacksmith.
Mother – Aubakirova (Ensebaeva) Camilya (1904-1968), was a blacksmith in the forge of her husband, then a housewife.
Sister – Aubakirova Biken, (1926-1995).
Sister – Aubakirova Zulpin, born in 1941, retired.
Wife – Aubakirova (Malysheva) Tatyana, born in 1951, engineer.
Son – Aubakirov Timur, born in 1977, graduated from Stony Brook University in New York, City University in London. Financier, Bachelor of Business Management, Bachelor of Economics, Master of Investment Management.
Son – Aubakirov Mikhail, born in 1982, diplomat. Four granddaughters and one grandson
 
Hobbies:
Alpine skiing, winter hunting
 

TALGAT MUSABAYEV

National Hero of the Republic of Kazakhstan Astronaut of the Republic of Kazakhstan Hero of the Russian Federation
Astronaut of the Russian Federation 1st class astronaut
Serial number: The 79th (according to the classification of “Cosmonauts of USSR and Russian Federation”)*
The 309th astronaut of the world
Status: the first astronaut of the independent Republic of Kazakhstan, the first Kazakh in the open space.
for the first time in history took the flag and national emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan into space in 1994 and then two more times in 1998 and 2001.
Number of spaceflights: 3
Spaceflight experience: 341 days 9 hours 48 minutes 41 seconds
Number of spacewalks: 7
The total EAV duration: 41 hours 15 minutes 
Date and place of birth: Born on January 7, 1951 in Kargaly village of Dzhambul district of Almaty region in Kazakh SSR.
Nationality: Kazakh
 
Education:
In 1974 graduated from the Riga Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers with the specialization in “Maintenance of aircraft radio equipment”.
In 1984 graduated from Alma-Ata flying club Voluntary Association for Assistance to Army, Air Force and Navy (VAAAAFN).
He became the first Kazakh master of sports in aerobatics (airplane sport) in the USSR.
In 1986 completed training in the 30th training detachment of civil aviation and by the decision of the High Qualification Board of the Ministry of Civil Aviation of the USSR has received civil aviation pilot certificate.
In 1989 graduated from the Ulyanovsk Civil aviation Flight, Operational and Technical staff Training Center of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) countries (trained as a pilot).
In 1993 graduated from the Aktyubinsk Higher Flight School of Civil Aviation, where he was given a diploma of engineer-pilot.
 
Work and professional activities:
From April 1974 to May 1990 he worked in civil aviation at engineer, flight and command positions. During the work as the pilot has mastered five types of aircraft. He has 1800 hours flight experience.
 
Service in the astronaut corps:
The total period of service in the astronaut corps and Gagarin
Cosmonaut Training Center (GCTC) is 14 years (from 1990 to 2003). On May 11, 1990 by the decision of the State Interdepartmental
Board (SIDB) of the USSR was recommended for training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre in the course of general space training from the Ministry of Civil Aviation of the USSR.
On March 6, 1991 by order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR was called up for active military service and enlisted as a candidate for cosmonaut-researcher of the 4th group of the cosmonaut corps (Gagarin cosmonaut corps).
On September 13, 1991 by the decision of the SIDB of the USSR was awarded qualification “test cosmonaut”.
From October 22, 1991 test cosmonaut of the first astronaut group. From April 29, 1995 test cosmonaut instructor of the astronaut corps. From July 9, 1999 he became commander of the cosmonaut team, test cosmonaut instructor.
 
Space training:
October 1990 – May 1991 general space training at GCTC.
May 20, 1991 – July 10, 1991 was trained for the flight on Kazakhstan program for the visiting expedition to the orbital complex “Mir” as a cosmonaut-researcher in backup crew together with V. Tsibliev and A. Laveykin. The flight was scheduled for November 1991.
On July 10, 1991 due to a shortage of launch vehicles and spacecrafts, as well as in order to save the budget, it was decided to include the Kazakh astronaut to the Soviet-Austrian crew as another astronaut-researcher instead of a flight engineer.
July 17, 1991 – September 13, 1991 was trained to fly on the main expedition program of EO-10/“Austromir-91” as the first cosmonaut-researcher in the second crew together with A. Victorenko and C. Lothaller (Austria).
October 2, 1991 was backup astronaut of T. Aubakirov, cosmonaut-researcher of “Soyuz TM-13” spacecraft.
1991 – 1993 completed training in a group of astronauts on the program of orbital complex “Mir”.
June 1, 1993 – December 17, 1993 was trained for the flight on the program of EO-15 to the orbital complex “Mir” as a flight engineer of the second crew together with Y. Malenchenko and G. Arzamazov.
January 8, 1994 was backup astronaut of Y. Usachev, the flight engineer of “Soyuz TM-18” spacecraft.
In February – June, 1994 was trained as a flight engineer of the main crew for EO-16 program to the orbital complex “Mir” with Y. Malenchenko and G. Strekalov (untill 30 March 1994, afterwards without Strekalov).
 
The first space flight:
July 1, 1994 – November 4, 1994 the first space flight on “Soyuz TM-19” spacecraft to the orbital complex “Mir” as a flight engineer of the EO-16 crew along with Y. Malenchenko and V. Polyakov.
The flight duration was 125 days, 22 hours, 53 minutes, 36 seconds. He made two spacewalks total duration of 11 hours, 7 minutes.
 
Callsign: “Agate-2”.
 
During the flight scientific experiments of the second extended space program of the Republic of Kazakhstan were carried out. Scientific programs of the Russian Federation, the United States, Germany and France were also performed.
 
Yuri Malenchenko Talgat Musabayev
Commander Flight Engineer
For the first time in history the flag of independent Republic of Kazakhstan, capsule with the soil of Baikonur and holy book of Muslims – Koran were taken to space by astronaut Musabayev (were given to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev directly at the landing point).
 
During this flight, for the first time in history the teleconference linked space station “Mir” and musical festival “Voice of Asia” which was taking place at the mountain ice skating rink Medeo (Alma-Ata). Musabayev welcomed participants from space and sang the great Abay song “Kozymnin karasy” (Light of my eyes), accompanying himself on the guitar.
 
Preparations for the second flight:
From March 1996 to January 1997 he was trained for the flight on the program of EO-23 to the orbital complex “Mir” as a commander of the second crew together with N. Budarin, H. Schlegel (Germany) (from April 1996), M . Foale (USA) (from August 1996).
February 10, 1997 was backup astronaut of V. Tsibliyev, commander of the spacecraft “Soyuz TM-25”.
March 1997 – January 1998 was trained as the commander of the main crew EO-25 with N. Budarin, L. Eyharts (France) and A. Thomas (USA).
 
The second space flight:
January 29 – August 25, 1998 Talgat Musabayev performed the second space flight as a commander of the “Soyuz TM-27” spacecraft and orbital station “Mir” on the EO-25 program (NASA-7/“Pegasus”), together with N. Budarin and L. Eyharts (until February 19, 1998, France), as well as A. Thomas (until June 8, 1998, United States).
The flight was difficult not only because it lasted almost 7 months, but also due to a lot of contingencies related to failures of systems and “Mir” station components occurred. In fact, the crew performed competent actions that saved space complex “Mir”.
Musabayev worked on the orbit with the EO-24 crew – A. Soloviev and P. Vinogradov (until February 19, 1998), as well as the crew of the
 
Leopold Eyharts Talgat Musabayev Nikolay Budarin
Research cosmonaut Commander Flight engineer

 

Andrew Thomas Talgat Musabayev Nikolay Budarin
Flight engineer № 2 Commander Flight engineer № 1

 

American ship Space Shuttle STS-91 – C. Precourt, D. Gory, F. Chang-Diaz, V. Lawrence J. Kavandi and V. Ryumin (June 4-8, 1998).
The flight duration was 207 days, 12 hours, 51 minutes, 2 seconds. During the flight he has performed five spacewalks total duration of 30 hours, 8 minutes (at that time it was a world record for spacewalks in one flight).
 
Callsign: “Crystal-1”.
 
During this long-term expedition to the orbital complex “Mir” Musabayev performed the third extended space program of Republic of Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, United States, Japan and countries of European Union.
 
In the same flight during the live teleconference “Astana – orbital station
“Mir” he participated in the presentation of the new capital of Kazakhstan. For the first time in the history of mankind astronaut welcomed the President and people of his country from space during the opening ceremony of the new State capital.
 
Preparations for the third flight:
On July 28, 1997 by the decision of the SIDB, Musabayev was appointed as a commander of the first crew of the ISS visiting expedition for the ISS-T program.
From April 15, 1999 to May 2000 was trained as a commander of the main crew of the first Russian visiting expedition to the International Space Station (ISS) (for the purpose of testing the “Soyuz TMA” spaceship and crew transfer vehicle replacement) on the ISS-T (taxi) program with N. Kuzhelnaya.
On June 2, 2000 by the joint decision of GCTC and RSC “Energia” was appointed as commander of the second crew of EO-29.
Since June 12, 2000 was trained for the flight as commander of the second crew under EO-29 program to the orbital complex “Mir” with Y. Baturin.
Simultaneous preparation of the crews for the flight to the “Mir” station and the International Space Station was due to the fact that in this period there was an issue of “flooding” the “Mir” station.
 
The third space flight
From 28th of April to 6th of May, 2001 Talgat Musabayev made his third space flight as commander of “Soyuz TM-32” spacecraft, along with
 
Dennis Tito Talgat Musabayev Yuri Baturin
Flight participant – First
space tourist of the world
Commander Flight engineer
 
 
Russian astronaut Yuri Baturin and the first space tourist in the world, US citizen, billionaire Dennis Tito. This flight started the era of space tourism. The crew returned on the spacecraft “Soyuz TM-31”. It is noteworthy that it was the first space mission from Earth in the XXI century and third millennium.
 
Mission duration was 7 days 22 hours
 
4 minutes 3 seconds. Callsign “Crystal-1”.
 
During the third flight, in addition to the main program of the ship commander, the fourth Kazakhstan program of scientific experiments was performed.
In all three spaceflights Musabayev took into space the flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the capsule with the Kazakh land and the holy book of Muslims – Koran. The Constitution of Kazakhstan and the flag of the “Otan” party were also taken by him in the second flight and later presented to the President Nazarbayev at the party congress in Almaty.
 
Further activity:
 
Since 2003 – Head of Combat Training of Army Aviation Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
May 30, 2005 – General Director of JSC “Joint Kazakh-Russian enterprise “Baiterek” aimed to create space rocket complex “Baiterek” on the Baikonur cosmodrome.
February 10, 2007 – by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan Talgat Musabayev was appointed as a Chairman of the Aerospace Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
From 11 April, 2007 – by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan was appointed as Chairman of the National Space Agency.
By the Decree of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated August 13, 2014 Musabayev was appointed as advisor of the Prime Minister for civil aviation and space activities.
By the Order of the Minister of Investments and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated August 18, 2014 Musabayev was appointed as Chairman of the Aerospace Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
January 20, 2016 – by the Order of the President of Kazakhstan was appointed as Advisor to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
 
Honours:
 
Hero of the Russian Federation (1994) Astronaut of the Russian Federation (1994)
National Hero of Kazakhstan “Halyk Kaharmany” (1995) Astronaut of Kazakhstan (1995)
Laureate of the State Prize in Science and Technology named after Al-Farabi (2015)
Engineer of the Year – the winner in the nomination “Mechanical engineering and space industry” of the National Engineering Academy of Kazakhstan (2008)
Honorary Citizen of the city of Almaty, Almaty region, city of Baikonur, many other regions and cities of Kazakhstan, Russia and the United States Honorary Professor of Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi, Kazakh National Technical University named after K. Satpayev, Eurasian National University named after L. Gumilev, North-Kazakhstan State University named after M. Kozybayev, Military Institute of Air Defense Forces named after twice Hero of Soviet Union T. Begeldinov and many other universities of Kazakhstan and Russia
 
Scientific activity:
 
Doctor of Technical Sciences in the field of rocket and space technology (first in Kazakhstan), Professor
Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Academician of the National Academy of Engineering of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Academician of the International Academy of Astronautics Academician of the International Academy of Informatization Academician of the Russian Academy of Astronautics named after K. Tsiolkovsky
 
Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences
 
Military rank:
Lieutenant-engineer of the reserve (1974) Senior lieutenant of the reserve (1978)
After military induction (USSR Ministry of Defense)
Major (on an exceptional basis, extraordinary promotion) (1991) Lieutenant Colonel (advance in schedule) (1993)
Colonel (advance in schedule) (1995)
Major General of the Air Force of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense (2003)
Lieutenant General of the Aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2007)
 
National and international awards:
Golden Star “Halyk Kaharmany” (National Hero of Kazakhstan) (1995) Golden Star “Hero of Russia” (1994)
Order “Otan” (Kazakhstan, 1998)
Order “The First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Leader of the Nation Nursultan Nazarbayev” (2011)
Order “Barys” 1st class (Kazakhstan, 2001)
3rd class Order of Merit for the Motherland (Russia, 1998) 2nd class Order of Merit for the Motherland (Russia, 2001) Order “Friendship of Peoples of the USSR” (1991)
Medal “For Merit in Space Exploration” (Russia, 2011)
The highest award of France “Legion of Honor” (France, 2010) Medal of Honor “For Services to the Republic of Austria” (1991) Medal “Astana” (1999)
Anniversary medal “10 years of Astana” (2008)
Anniversary medal “20 Years of Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan” (2011)
Anniversary medal “25 Years of Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan” (2016) 
Medal of the National Security Committee of Kazakhstan “For contribution to the national security” (2007)
Medal “For military valor” 1st class Medal “For faultless military service”
NASA Special Medal “For the Space Flight” (US, 1998)
Special medal of FAI (named after De Lavaux) “For the world record of the space object assembly of large mass (248 673.7 kg)” (International Federation of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1998)
Highest award of the Kazakh SSR – Diploma of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR (1984)
 
Sports achievements:
The first Kazakh Master of sports in aerobatics in USSR (member of the Kazakh SSR aerobatics team)
USSR Master of Sports in gymnastics
USSR Champion in aerobatics in team competition (1983-1984)
 
Family:
Father – Amangeldy Musabayev, journalist (1916-1983)
Mother – Saliha Musabayeva (Mindubaeva), doctor, veteran of the Great Patriotic War (1919-1996)
Brother – Bolatbek Musabayev, artist-sculptor (1939)
Brother – Marat Musabayev (1941-2010) scientist, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor of Kazakh State University. The first Kazakh who was in Antarctica in the 14th Soviet scientific expedition in 1969-1970.
Brother – Murat Musabayev, (1945-2003) locksmith in Almaty Postgraduate Medical Institute
Wife – Victoria Musabayeva (Latsis), born in 1952, dentist.
Son – Daniyar Musabayev, born in 1975, graduated from the Higher School of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan, the Russian Academy of Public Administration with Master’s degree in “Financial Economics”.
Daughter – Kamilya Musabayeva, born in 1981, graduated from the Russian State University for the Humanities, chief psychologist at the GCTC in Star City (Moscow region).
Grandchildren – Talgat, Damir, Timur, Alexander, Marat and Victoria.
 
Hobbies:
Music, singing, playing piano, guitar, billiards, mini football.
 
 

AYDIN AIMBETOV

National Hero of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Astronaut of the Republic of Kazakhstan
 
Serial number: The 545th astronaut of the world Status: the first astronaut of Kazcosmos
Number of flights: 1
Space flight experience: 9 days 20 hours 13 minutes 51 seconds
 
Date and place of birth: July 27, 1972 in the village The Dawn of Communism (nowadays Otenay village) Taldykorgan district of Taldykorgan region, nowadays Almaty region of Kazakhstan.
Nationality: Kazakh
 
Education:
In 1989 graduated from secondary school №20 in the city of Taldykorgan.
In 1989 he entered and in 1993 graduated from the Armavir Higher Military Aviation School with the qualification “pilot-engineer” was trained in the field of “command tactical fighter aviation”.
In 2006 completed the full course of physical and mathematical department of Zhetysu State University named after Zhansugurov, degree program in “physics and computer science”.
 
Professional activities:
From May 1993 he served in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
1993 – 1994 served in the position of the pilot on the military base 64207 at Lugovaya station in Zhambyl region.
1994 – 2000 served as senior pilot on the military base 21751 in Taldykorgan.
2000 – 2003 service on the military base 21751 in Taldykorgan as commander of an aviation squadron aircraft unit on the Su-27.
Aimbetov has flight experience more than 470 hours, he mastered 4 types of aircraft: L-39, MiG-23, MiG-23MLD, MiG-27, Su-27.
 
Space Training:
On November 9, 2002 at the proceedings of the Governmental Interdepartmental Board of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the astronauts candidates selection Aimbetov was recommended for inclusion in the cosmonaut corps (it was planned to create cosmonaut corps of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2002).
On December 17, 2002 Aimbetov passed Chief Medical Board and received admission for specialized training.
On May 29, 2003 by the decision of the State Interdepartmental Board of Rosaviacosmos he began training in a group of Russian astronaut candidates.
From June 16, 2003 Aimbetov started general space training in Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. On July 5, 2005 he was conferred qualification of “test astronaut”.
In 2005 – 2009 he continued training in the group of improvement and specialization for the transport manned spacecraft “Soyuz-TMA” and the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS).
 
Flight postponed:
On March 5, 2009 Kazcosmos and Roscosmos signed a contract for the implementation of short-term (10 days) spaceflight of the Kazakhstan astronaut to the Russian segment of the International Space Station. Determined flight date – 30 September 2009.
However, the decision of the Republican Budget Board dated March 20, 2009 in financing the flight of the Kazakhstan astronaut to the ISS has been denied due to economic crisis.
 
Activity in Kazcosmos
After training in the GCTC A. Aimbetov continued to work in Kazcosmos. 2009 – 2010 advisor to the Chairman of the National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
2010 – 2011 head of Space Activity Development Department of Kazcosmos.
Since March 2011, he worked in Space Research Institute named after Sultangazin, the subsidiary of JSC “National Center for Space Research and Technology” of Kazcosmos as Deputy Head of Informational and Educational Support of Space Technologies Department.
On October 12, 2012 by the governmental decree of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 1304 A. Aimbetov was awarded the title of cosmonaut of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Since April 2014 was Deputy Director of the Institute for Space Applications and Technologies, the subsidiary of JSC “National Center for Space Research and Technology” of Kazcosmos.
 
Space Training resumed
 

In May 2015 President of Russia Vladimir Putin and President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev made political decision regarding the flight of the astronaut of the Republic of Kazakhstan due to existence of flight opportunities to the ISS.
At the end of May 2015 Kazcosmos and Roscosmos agreed to conduct clinical and physiological examinations of Aimbetov to confirm his suitability for special training.
During the Moscow Air Show “MAKS-2015” in Zhukovsky, head of Kazcosmos Musabaev and temporary acting head of Roscosmos Ivanov signed a contract for the flight of Aimbetov into space.
In accordance with the agreement between the parties, since the end of May 2015 Aimbetov starts training in the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center.
In the period from 20 to 27 June 2015 the third Kazakh astronaut was trained in NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston (USA) to study the American segment of the ISS.
 
Space flight
Cosmonaut Aimbetov performed a spaceflight from 2 to 12 September 2015 as a flight engineer of the “Soyuz TMA-18M” spacecraft with a crew consisting of commander of the ship Russian citizen Sergei Volkov and astronaut of the Kingdom of Denmark Andreas Mogensen.
 
Aidyn Aimbetov Alexandr Volkov Andreas Mogensen
Flight Engineer № 2 Commander Flight Engineer № 1
The flight duration was 9 days 20 hours 13 minutes and 51 seconds. Callsign: “Eridanus-3” (start), “Altair-3” (landing).
During the spaceflight Aimbetov implemented the fifth space program of Kazakhstan, which included 10 scientific experiments.
Further professional experience
Since 2016 works in JSC “NC “Kazakhstan Gharysh Sapary” in the position of vice-president of space technologies.
 
Honours
National Hero of the Republic of Kazakhstan “Halyk Kaharmany” (10.14.2015);
Pilot-Astronaut of the Republic of Kazakhstan (14.10.2015); Honorary citizen of the city of Taldykorgan (15.10.2015).
Honorary Professor of the Eurasian Academy of Law named after D. Kunaev.
Honorary Professor of Zhetysu State University named after I. Zhansugurov.
Military rank
Lieutenant (1993)
Senior Lieutenant (1995)
Captain (1997)
Major (2000)
Lieutenant-Colonel (2005)
Colonel (2008, advance in schedule)
Major-General (2016)
 
National and international awards:
Golden Star “Halyk Kaharmany” (National Hero of Kazakhstan) (14.10.2015)
Order “Otan” (10.14.2015)
Anniversary medal “20 Years of Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan” (2011)
NASA Special Space Flight Medal (US, 2015)
 
Family
Father – Akan Aimbetov (1941-2007)
Mother – Dzhumagul Aimbetova, pensioner (1948) Wife – Lilya Aimbetova (Donsebaeva), housewife (1978) Son – Amir Aimbetov (1998)
Daughter – Diana Aimbetova (2001)
Daughter – Dayana Aimbetova (2007)
Brother – Aidar Aimbetov, soldier of the Department of Border Troops of Kazakhstan (1970)
Sister – Dina Batyrbaeva (Aimbetova), housewife (1976) Brother – Alimir Aimbetov, employee of “Air Astana” airlines.
 
Hobbies
Books reading, active sports: running, swimming, tennis, badminton, skiing.
 

CLARIFICATIONS FOR GENERAL READER AND INTERESTING FACTS

Kazakhstan space program enrolment
The idea to send a Kazakh cosmonaut into space was announced during the preparations for the celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Baikonur Cosmodrome, which was celebrated in 1985.
 
Initially, it was planned to include several Kazakh pilots in the cosmonaut corps within the next enrolment. To this end, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, Dinmuhammed Kunayev, gave an order for a purposeful search for possible candidates among military pilots. But none of them passed the medical board.
 
To coincide the launch with the anniversary of cosmodrome was not possible, but the idea of the Kazakh cosmonaut flight continued to exist. In connection with the failure in the search for candidates among military pilots, the circle of applicants was expanded, and in the spring 1986 civil aviation pilot Talgat Musabaev successfully passed a medical examination at the Institute of Biomedical Problems. However, the flight itself was undecided due to political events that occurred in the Kazakh SSR in 1986.
 
This idea was resumed and became possible only in 1989, after the plans were actively supported by Nursultan Nazarbayev, who by that time became the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. By that time, Talgat Musabayev was recommended by the decision of the State Interdepartmental Commission on May 11, 1990 to be enlisted in the cosmonaut corps and began general space training in GCTC.
 
Development of the program of experiments for the Kazakh cosmonaut began in Kazakhstan, and in the same year, in 1990, the President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev and Kazakh SSR Nursultan Nazarbayev, reached an agreement on conducting the flight. However, the absence of a second candidate put the program in jeopardy. The search continued, and in the end of 1990 another candidate was found – honored test pilot of the USSR Toktar Aubakirov.
 
Thus, on May 20, 1991, two candidates from Kazakhstan started training as cosmonaut-researchers in GCTC: Talgat Musabayev was preparing in a backup crew, and Toktar Aubakirov – in the main crew.
 
The crew and astronauts training
 
“Soyuz-TM” spaceship has three crew members – commander, flight engineer and astronaut-researcher (in some cases flight participant).
 
Kazakh astronauts worked on the orbit in all three flight positions. Toktar Aubakirov who was prepared for a short-term target program, flew into space as a astronaut-researcher. Talgat Musabayev passed a full course of training in the Soviet and then Russian astronaut corps; he was appointed as a flight engineer in the first flight and next two missions performed activity in space as commander of spacecrafts and international crews. Aydin Aimbetov flew to the International Space Station (ISS) as a flight engineer. Preparation of contract for the flight, flight program and organizational support for his space expedition was carried out by the authorized body in the field of space activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan – Kazcosmos.
 
Generally, commanders are prepared from military pilots, while flight engineers – from designers, engineers and developers of space technologies.
 
The essential difference between commander and the rest of the crew is that he has responsibility for basic control functions of both ship (takeoff, landing, piloting, systems operation monitoring) and entire crew. Commander has also a manual control function of the “Soyuz” spaceship of various modifications. Flight engineer is responsible for the operation of engines, status of the equipment and avionics. Astronauts-researchers almost do not participate in ship piloting, while performing commander’s instructions, so the required qualification for them is lower and preparation takes much less time than for others – it ranges from several months to a year and does not require high skills.
 
All crewmembers take space training, the procedure of which is gradual and depends on the astronaut qualification.
 
The first stage is a general space training (GST) – the acquisition of knowledge, skills, abilities and qualities that form the basis of astronaut’s profession. The duration of GST stage ranges from 10 to 26 months; it is determined by specialization chosen before the training start.
 
According to the results of GST the State Interdepartmental Board
 
(SIDB) award astronauts with diplomas and confer qualifications:
1st category (test astronaut; confers to commanders and flight engineers);
2nd category (astronaut-researcher, confers to flight parti­cipants). The second stage is the specialized training of astronauts, the purpose of which is familiarization with the whole complex of professional knowledge, skills and qualities required to perform manned space flight on a spacecraft of the specified type. This type of training is carried out up to inclusion of the astronaut in the crew. Duration of the second stage is 1.5 – 2 years.
 
The third stage is preparation of the astronauts as part of approved crews. The duration of the third phase for the backup crew is about 24 months before the flight, and for the main crew is at least 6 months before the flight.
 
The fourth stage is preparation on the board the manned spaceship. The duration of this stage depends on the program of the flight.
 
The sequence of all stages of preparation is mandatory for professional astronauts (commanders and flight engineers). GST for the astronaut candidates is a single stage, at other stages astronauts may be trained repeatedly.
 
From preparation of the first man to fly into space and to date, the decision on readiness of the astronaut for flight is made by SIDB, consisting of representatives of a large number of governmental agencies and related enterprises, such as the State Corporation for Space activities “Roscosmos” (earlier – General Engineering Department of the USSR, later reorganized into the Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation), Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Health, Russian Academy of Sciences, Rocket and Space Corporation “Energia” named after S. P. Korolyev (formerly EDB-1, Central Mechanical Engineering Design Bureau, NPO “Energia”), Research Institute of Astronaut Training Centre named after Y. A. Gagarin, and others.
 
Call sign of astronaut
 
The right to choose the call sign or identifier has a crew commander. Once selected, the call sign is assigned for all subsequent flights. After the crew is formed, commander has the first number, such as “Crystal-1”. Before the flight, a flight engineer is assigned the call sign of the commander in which he flies under the second number, for example, “Crystal-2”, and astronaut- researcher receives number 3, for example, “Crystal-3”.
 
During the landing training to the water, crews use the call sign “Ocean”. During training in the GCTC for crews, whose commanders have not yet chosen a personal call sign, the conditional call sign “Board” is used.
 
History of personal chevrons
 
Design of the emblem for Kazakh cosmonauts belongs to the architect
 
Shota Ualikhanov (Shot-Aman Ualikhan), who is also the author of the State emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
 
The design of the emblem coincides with the original sketch of the emblem of the country. According to Ualikhanov, he saw this composition in a dream: two swan wings with a “shanyrak” inscribed between them. (“Shanyrak” is a wooden rim with a cross, forming the arch of the Kazakh yurt). At the top there is a crescent and a seven-pointed star.
 
In mid-1991, Kazakh Minister of Press Kuanysh Sultanov informed Ualikhanov about the forthcoming flight of the first Kazakh cosmonaut. Ualikhanov asked to give the cosmo­ nauts his drawing. At the bottom of the emblem, on both sides of the “Kazakhstan” inscription, names of the cosmonauts are displayed: “Toktar” and “Talgat”.
 
 
Personal chevron of Talgat Musabayev was created in 1990 during his general space training. It depicts the “Nomad of the universe” – a rider in traditional Kazakh garment riding a fast-moving horse in the background of outer space and Earth planet.
 
Some traditions of astronauts
 
One of the essential and good traditions: crews, Chief Designer, some officials who are free at this time, the day or two before the launch, watch the movie “White Sun of the Desert”. The film has to be watched until the end, some astronauts watched this film for even more than 10 times. The ritual was originated in 1978 after the film was produced in 1970. Astronauts liked the film, after all, by the fact that it helps to relax, relieve natural tension before difficult and dangerous journey. Connoisseurs arrange true movie quiz dedicated to content of the picture, and there are very “serious” questions: for example, how many buttons on his tunic did Comrade Sukhov have? Or what sort of caviar customs officer Vereshchagin was eating? If you say: red – you will be wrong; black – is also incorrect! The right answer is “damn” caviar (a phrase from the movie – “I can no more eat this damn caviar!”).
 
Concerning to the traditions established by our countrymen – at the request of Talgat Musabayev after his first flight, Oporto apple and melon were brought to the landing point. According to the astronaut’s words, the flavor of these fruit he wished to feel more than anything else upon return to Earth. After that, handing apples to astronauts upon landing on the Kazakh land has become a tradition; nowadays every crew gets apples after leaving the descent vehicle.
 
 
LIST OF MAIN ACRONYM
 
EDB Experimental Design Bureau
GCTC Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center
GST General Space Training
ISS International Space Station
JSC Joint-stock company
MAI Moscow Aviation Institute
NAS National Academy of Science
OC Orbital complex
RF Russian Federation
RI Research Institute
RK Republic of Kazakhstan
SC Spacecraft
SIDB State Interdepartmental Board
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
USA United States of America
VAAAAFN Voluntary Association for Assistance to Army, Air Force and Navy

 


Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan in space

 


President N. Nazarbayev talks with the Soviet-Austrian crew comprising the first Kazakh cosmonaut T. Aubakirov. 1991

 


Soviet-Austrian crew before the launch. T. Aubakirov, F. Viehböck, A. Volkov. 1991

 

Transfer of EO-16 to EO-17. Record of joint stay of two crews on the ”Mir” station. From left to right, top row: U. Merbold, A. Viktorenko, lower row: V. Polyakov, T. Musabayev, E. Kondakova, Y. Malenchenko. 1994
 

For the first time the President of the State N. Nazarbayev meets the crew of T. Musabayev in the Kazakh steppe near the landing vehicle at the landing site. 1994
 
 

National Hero Golden Stars awards presentation to T. Aubakirov, T. Musabaev, Y. Malenchenko and other awards to a group of Russian space leaders. 1995
 
 
President N. Nazarbayev awarded National Hero Golden stars № 4 and № 5 to T. Aubakirov and T. Musabaev. 1995
 
 
 
Commander of the Mir-Shuttle complex T. Musabayev with members of Russian and American crews after docking with the Shuttle STS-91. 1998
 
 
The first Kazakh in the open space T. Musabayev with his flight engineer N. Budarin conducts complex engineering work to restore the working capacity of ”Mir” station. 1998
 
 
The crew of T. Musabayev after his second flight handing the flag of Kazakhstan that has been in space to the President N. Nazarbayev in space. 1998
 
 
Crew commander T. Musabayev took out into space the world’s first space tourist, American billionaire D. Tito. 2001
 
 
 
Report of the head of Kazcosmos T. Musabayev to the President of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev and the President of Russia V. Putin on the joint activities of Kazcosmos and Roscosmos at the Baikonur cosmodrome. 2005
 
 
A. Aimbetov reports to the President of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev on readiness for flight. 2015
 
 
 
The head of Kazcosmos T. Musabaev and the head of the GCTC Y. Lonchakov escort Kazcosmos cosmonaut A. Aimbetov to the launch pad. 2015
 
 
 
Solemn meeting of Kazcosmos astronaut A. Aimbetov at the airport of Astana. 2015
 
15.05.2017